Pembina Nation Little Shell

Pembina Nation Little Shell

Tuesday, April 04, 2006

copyright 1863-2006 , registered trademark, tradename, Public Notice and

Pembina Nation Consulate 701.549.3178 Walhalla, ND

Mail may now be sent to
C/O Pembina Nation Consulate(Office)
Box 806,
Walhalla, N.D.

Little Shell Band of Chippewa Indians
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Little Shell Band of Chippewa Indians was first recorded by European settlers in documents from the Hudson Bay Company, Fort Gary (Winnipeg) in the early 1700’s.
These logs and diaries show ownership of approximately 63 million acres (250,000 km²) of land throughout what is now South Dakota, North Dakota and Canada by this band.
By the early 1800’s many Frenchmen had married into the tribe establishing a naturalization program by 1802.
The Louisiana Purchase was the next historical event surrounding the Little Shell Band when several records were made by the Emperor Napoleon excluding the tribes land from his original quit-claim-deed.
Historicallythis is more than likely caused by the relationship between the Hudson Bay Company and their Dutch Traders who Napoleon could ill afford to offend, than any form of honesty.
In the early 1850’s diplomatic delegations from the United States began meeting with the Little Shell, railroad interests’ pressured congress into these negotiations.
The Little Shell at the time rebuffed the negotiators because of several claims that his tribe was all mixed-blood and therefore should not be dealt with as a tribe.
An agreement was reached by 1856 however allowing the United States to enforce law along the Red River providing that the United States recognize the tribe and a $50,000,000 dollar bond accruing 5% interest over the next 75 years was paid.
This bond was known as “The Christian Pembina Bond,” the United States stopped payments on this bond after 2 years and refused to make all records relating to the bond public. This treaty, known as the Treaty of Old Crossing (1863) was ratified by the 16th president, Abraham Lincoln.

Chief Esens
Chief Esens (Little Shell) walked out of further negotiations in 1864 refusing to amend the original treaty. In 1892 the Chief sent word to Washington D.C. that he would exchange 52 million acres (210,000 km²) of land and the treaty rights of 1863 for a large reservation, to include the entire Turtle Mountain area, and $1.00 per acre of land.
Washington sent Senator McCumber to meet with the Pembina Band of Chippewa Indians and during the first meeting, Senator McCumber was not present, his agent Waugh made an offer of $0.10 per acre. The Pembina walked out of the meeting in disgust, knowing that the US had paid $1.00 per acre for less valuable land near Fort Berthold.
Agent Waugh then brought in 32 other indians from Canada and had them sign the treaty, known as The McCumber Agreement or the Ten Cent Treaty. John Burke, state attorney for Rolette County, after hearing of the fraud agreed to represent Chief Little Shell before the US Senate. Senator McCumber agreed with Burk that the treaty was a fraud, and the US Senate waited until after his death in 1905 to ratify the fraudulent treaty.
The Little Shell people were told to either sign the treaty or be starved to death forcing the tribe to become nomadic with members moving around the world (several tribal members moved to France).
In the 1960’s lineal descendant Thomas Little Shell (Ayabewaywetung) died leaving no heirs and the tribal counsel then chose a great grandson of Accoquay to take over the tribe, Accoquay was also a signor of the 1863 treaty. The elected grandson was Louie Delorme and until recently the Delorme family still headed the tribe.

The Delorme family then began several court battles and by 1974 the United States Claims Court agreed with the tribe that the United States had never paid, even the $0.10 per acre, they agreed to and it said yes to the more important question that the tribe did still exist (see 203 Ct Cl 426 ). It is important to note at this point that the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians, and the Little Shell Band of Chippewa indians were recognized as being separate by the court (and several other courts). While there may be members of the Little Shell Band within that reservation tribe, the whole of the tribe and its leadership (under the Little Shell Band name) does not exist on that reservation, and has no relation to that band (See the 1970 Indian Claims Commission act, findings 23 Ind. Cl. Comm. 315 as quoted by the Federal 8th Circuit Court also Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians v. United States 490 F.2d 935 “holding that the Little Shell Bands were separate entities that could not be represented by the Turtle mountain Band”). It was common among indian tribes to ‘expatriate’ (change tribes) and any Little Shell members that joined the Turtle Mountain tribe became a member of that tribe, thereby giving up membership in the Little Shell Band.
Several inter-tribal battles have ensued since then, and around 2004 the Delorme’s were removed as Chief, and leaders, of the tribe (there have been no public statements as to the charges, but they were removed by the tribal counsel for their activities). The Delorme’s are rumored to be working with the United States to discredit the tribe, and they have joined another (unknown) tribe.
Currently (late 2005) the new tribal leadership is working on efforts to enforce treaty rights and recognition.
Currently there are at least 3 recognized tribal units that claim the name Little Shell Band of Chippewa Indians.

(Note: there was a tribal split of this band)

ADL Accusations
There is a push by the Anti-Defemation League to label some tribal units of this tribe as an ‘Extremist Group’ which results in multiple forms of harassment and prejudice against these tribal units.
Because this page has been changed by either a member of, or someone who prescribes to the Anti-Defemation League’s accusations, this section was added to represent those views. The original history remains unchanged regardless of these views either pro or con.
You may visit the Anti-Defemation League’s page here on Wikipedia about their content; or their site directly here ADL's Website or the direct link to what their accusations of at least one of these tribal units are at this ADL's accusations
Retrieved from ""
Categories: Ojibwa tribe Native American tribes in North Dakota
Edit this page
Personal tools
Sign in / create account

if (window.isMSIE55) fixalpha();
Main Page
Community Portal
Featured articles
Current events
Recent changes
Random article
Contact Wikipedia

What links here
Related changes
Upload file
Special pages
Printable version
Permanent link
Cite this article

This page was last modified 02:38, 7 March 2006.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details). Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
Privacy policy
About Wikipedia
Your continued donations keep Wikipedia running!

April, 2006